Architecture and design are related but distinct fields. Architecture typically refers to the design and construction of buildings and other physical structures, such as houses, office buildings, and bridges. It involves an understanding of the structure, materials, and building codes, as well as the ability to create functional and aesthetically pleasing spaces.
Design, on the other hand, can refer to a wide range of fields including graphic design, industrial design, fashion design, and interior design. It involves the process of creating visual, tangible, or functional elements that solve problems and meet specific needs.
Commercial building design encompasses a wide range of features that contribute to the overall functionality and aesthetic of a structure. Here are the ten basic features of building design.
Building design should take into account the intended use of the structure and provide spaces that are functional and efficient. Building consultant keep in mind the functional aspect in their mind while constructing the buildings to ensure their maximum utility.
Building design should be accessible to all users, including those with disabilities. This includes things like ramps and elevators for people in wheelchairs, wide doorways for people with mobility impairments, and visual and auditory cues for people with sensory impairments.
Building design should ensure the safety of the occupants and the public, including compliance with building codes and fire safety regulations. Installation of security systems should be the part of design planning of a building to ensure everyone stays safe once the building is in use.
Building design should use materials and construction methods that are durable and able to withstand the elements over time. Durability includes things like proper materials selection, proper design and construction techniques, and appropriate protection against environmental factors such as weather, water, and pests.
Building design should consider environmental impact and use materials and methods that are energy-efficient and sustainable. Environmental-friendly supplies and materials should be incorporated in building design to assure sustainability.
Building design should create visually pleasing spaces that are in harmony with their surroundings. Design is basically what pleases the eyes. A well-designed building shows its worth through its angles and sides. Creativity is the demand of time and designing is what makes the buildings and structures stand out.
Building design should consider the amount and quality of natural light in the space and the use of artificial lighting to create a comfortable environment. Access to natural light should be made mandatory to reduce electricity and artificial lighting costs. Huge windows should be carved out in buildings to make natural light possible.
Building design should consider the thermal comfort and air quality of the space to ensure a comfortable environment for the occupants.
Without technology buildings would be difficult to survive nowadays, hence building design should consider the incorporation of technology, such as smart home devices and systems, to enhance functionality and energy efficiency.
Keeping within the budget is crucial because the cost of building materials is hiking day after day. Building design should be cost-effective and consider budget constraints.